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The request was aborted: Could not create SSL/TLS secure channel

StackOverflow https://stackoverflow.com/questions/2859790

Question

We are unable to connect to an HTTPS server using WebRequest because of this error message:

The request was aborted: Could not create SSL/TLS secure channel.

We know that the server doesn't have a valid HTTPS certificate with the path used, but to bypass this issue, we use the following code that we've taken from another StackOverflow post:

private void Somewhere() {
    ServicePointManager.ServerCertificateValidationCallback += new RemoteCertificateValidationCallback(AlwaysGoodCertificate);
}

private static bool AlwaysGoodCertificate(object sender, X509Certificate certificate, X509Chain chain, SslPolicyErrors policyErrors) {
   return true;
}

The problem is that server never validates the certificate and fails with the above error. Does anyone have any idea of what should I do?


I should mention that a colleague and I performed tests a few weeks ago and it was working fine with something similar to what I wrote above. The only "major difference" we've found is that I'm using Windows 7 and he was using Windows XP. Does that change something?

Solution

I finally found the answer (I haven't noted my source but it was from a search);

While the code works in Windows XP, in Windows 7, you must add this at the beginning:

// using System.Net;
ServicePointManager.Expect100Continue = true;
ServicePointManager.SecurityProtocol = SecurityProtocolType.Tls12;
// Use SecurityProtocolType.Ssl3 if needed for compatibility reasons

And now, it works perfectly.


ADDENDUM

As mentioned by Robin French; if you are getting this problem while configuring PayPal, please note that they won't support SSL3 starting by December, 3rd 2018. You'll need to use TLS. Here's Paypal page about it.

OTHER TIPS

The solution to this, in .NET 4.5 is

ServicePointManager.SecurityProtocol = SecurityProtocolType.Tls12;

If you don’t have .NET 4.5 then use

ServicePointManager.SecurityProtocol = (SecurityProtocolType)3072;

Make sure the ServicePointManager settings are made before the HttpWebRequest is created, else it will not work.

Works:

        ServicePointManager.Expect100Continue = true;
        ServicePointManager.SecurityProtocol = SecurityProtocolType.Tls
               | SecurityProtocolType.Tls11
               | SecurityProtocolType.Tls12
               | SecurityProtocolType.Ssl3;

        HttpWebRequest request = (HttpWebRequest)WebRequest.Create("https://google.com/api/")

Fails:

        HttpWebRequest request = (HttpWebRequest)WebRequest.Create("https://google.com/api/")

        ServicePointManager.Expect100Continue = true;
        ServicePointManager.SecurityProtocol = SecurityProtocolType.Tls
               | SecurityProtocolType.Tls11
               | SecurityProtocolType.Tls12
               | SecurityProtocolType.Ssl3;

The problem you're having is that the aspNet user doesn't have access to the certificate. You have to give access using the winhttpcertcfg.exe

An example on how to set this up is at: http://support.microsoft.com/kb/901183

Under step 2 in more information

EDIT: In more recent versions of IIS, this feature is built in to the certificate manager tool - and can be accessed by right clicking on the certificate and using the option for managing private keys. More details here: https://serverfault.com/questions/131046/how-to-grant-iis-7-5-access-to-a-certificate-in-certificate-store/132791#132791

The error is generic and there are many reasons why the SSL/TLS negotiation may fail. The most common is an invalid or expired server certificate, and you took care of that by providing your own server certificate validation hook, but is not necessarily the only reason. The server may require mutual authentication, it may be configured with a suites of ciphers not supported by your client, it may have a time drift too big for the handshake to succeed and many more reasons.

The best solution is to use the SChannel troubleshooting tools set. SChannel is the SSPI provider responsible for SSL and TLS and your client will use it for the handshake. Take a look at TLS/SSL Tools and Settings.

Also see How to enable Schannel event logging.

I had this problem trying to hit https://ct.mob0.com/Styles/Fun.png, which is an image distributed by CloudFlare on it's CDN that supports crazy stuff like SPDY and weird redirect SSL certs.

Instead of specifying Ssl3 as in Simons answer I was able to fix it by going down to Tls12 like this:

ServicePointManager.SecurityProtocol = SecurityProtocolType.Tls12;
new WebClient().DownloadData("https://ct.mob0.com/Styles/Fun.png");

After many long hours with this same issue I found that the ASP.NET account the client service was running under didn't have access to the certificate. I fixed it by going into the IIS Application Pool that the web app runs under, going into Advanced Settings, and changing the Identity to the LocalSystem account from NetworkService.

A better solution is to get the certificate working with the default NetworkService account but this works for quick functional testing.

Something the original answer didn't have. I added some more code to make it bullet proof.

ServicePointManager.Expect100Continue = true;
        ServicePointManager.DefaultConnectionLimit = 9999;
        ServicePointManager.SecurityProtocol = SecurityProtocolType.Tls | SecurityProtocolType.Tls11 | SecurityProtocolType.Tls12 | SecurityProtocolType.Ssl3;

Another possibility is improper certificate importation on the box. Make sure to select encircled check box. Initially I didn't do it, so code was either timing out or throwing same exception as private key could not be located.

certificate importation dialog

The "The request was aborted: Could not create SSL/TLS secure channel" exception can occur if the server is returning an HTTP 401 Unauthorized response to the HTTP request.

You can determine if this is happening by turning on trace-level System.Net logging for your client application, as described in this answer.

Once that logging configuration is in place, run the application and reproduce the error, then look in the logging output for a line like this:

System.Net Information: 0 : [9840] Connection#62912200 - Received status line: Version=1.1, StatusCode=401, StatusDescription=Unauthorized.

In my situation, I was failing to set a particular cookie that the server was expecting, leading to the server responding to the request with the 401 error, which in turn led to the "Could not create SSL/TLS secure channel" exception.

The root of this exception in my case was that at some point in code the following was being called:

ServicePointManager.SecurityProtocol = SecurityProtocolType.Ssl3;

This is really bad. Not only is it instructing .NET to use an insecure protocol, but this impacts every new WebClient (and similar) request made afterward within your appdomain. (Note that incoming web requests are unaffected in your ASP.NET app, but new WebClient requests, such as to talk to an external web service, are).

In my case, it was not actually needed, so I could just delete the statement and all my other web requests started working fine again. Based on my reading elsewhere, I learned a few things:

  • This is a global setting in your appdomain, and if you have concurrent activity, you can't reliably set it to one value, do your action, and then set it back. Another action may take place during that small window and be impacted.
  • The correct setting is to leave it default. This allows .NET to continue to use whatever is the most secure default value as time goes on and you upgrade frameworks. Setting it to TLS12 (which is the most secure as of this writing) will work now but in 5 years may start causing mysterious problems.
  • If you really need to set a value, you should consider doing it in a separate specialized application or appdomain and find a way to talk between it and your main pool. Because it's a single global value, trying to manage it within a busy app pool will only lead to trouble. This answer: https://stackoverflow.com/a/26754917/7656 provides a possible solution by way of a custom proxy. (Note I have not personally implemented it.)

This one is working for me in MVC webclient

    public string DownloadSite(string RefinedLink)
    {
        try
        {
            Uri address = new Uri(RefinedLink);

            ServicePointManager.ServerCertificateValidationCallback = delegate { return true; };
            ServicePointManager.SecurityProtocol = SecurityProtocolType.Ssl3;

            System.Net.ServicePointManager.SecurityProtocol = SecurityProtocolType.Tls11 | SecurityProtocolType.Tls12;

            using (WebClient webClient = new WebClient())
            {
                var stream = webClient.OpenRead(address);
                using (StreamReader sr = new StreamReader(stream))
                {
                    var page = sr.ReadToEnd();

                    return page;
                }
            }

        }
        catch (Exception e)
        {
            log.Error("DownloadSite - error Lin = " + RefinedLink, e);
            return null;
        }
    }

As you can tell there are plenty of reasons this might happen. Thought I would add the cause I encountered ...

If you set the value of WebRequest.Timeout to 0, this is the exception that is thrown. Below is the code I had... (Except instead of a hard-coded 0 for the timeout value, I had a parameter which was inadvertently set to 0).

WebRequest webRequest = WebRequest.Create(@"https://myservice/path");
webRequest.ContentType = "text/html";
webRequest.Method = "POST";
string body = "...";
byte[] bytes = Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes(body);
webRequest.ContentLength = bytes.Length;
var os = webRequest.GetRequestStream();
os.Write(bytes, 0, bytes.Length);
os.Close();
webRequest.Timeout = 0; //setting the timeout to 0 causes the request to fail
WebResponse webResponse = webRequest.GetResponse(); //Exception thrown here ...

Another possible cause of the The request was aborted: Could not create SSL/TLS secure channel error is a mismatch between your client PC's configured cipher_suites values, and the values that the server is configured as being willing and able to accept. In this case, when your client sends the list of cipher_suites values that it is able to accept in its initial SSL handshaking/negotiation "Client Hello" message, the server sees that none of the provided values are acceptable, and may return an "Alert" response instead of proceeding to the "Server Hello" step of the SSL handshake.

To investigate this possibility, you can download Microsoft Message Analyzer, and use it to run a trace on the SSL negotiation that occurs when you try and fail to establish an HTTPS connection to the server (in your C# app).

If you are able to make a successful HTTPS connection from another environment (e.g. the Windows XP machine that you mentioned -- or possibly by hitting the HTTPS URL in a non-Microsoft browser that doesn't use the OS's cipher suite settings, such as Chrome or Firefox), run another Message Analyzer trace in that environment to capture what happens when the SSL negotiation succeeds.

Hopefully, you'll see some difference between the two Client Hello messages that will allow you to pinpoint exactly what about the failing SSL negotiation is causing it to fail. Then you should be able to make configuration changes to Windows that will allow it to succeed. IISCrypto is a great tool to use for this (even for client PCs, despite the "IIS" name).

The following two Windows registry keys govern the cipher_suites values that your PC will use:

  • HKLM\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Cryptography\Configuration\SSL\00010002
  • HKLM\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Cryptography\Configuration\Local\SSL\00010002

Here's a full writeup of how I investigated and solved an instance of this variety of the Could not create SSL/TLS secure channel problem: http://blog.jonschneider.com/2016/08/fix-ssl-handshaking-error-in-windows.html

I have struggled with this problem all day.

When I created a new project with .NET 4.5 I finally got it to work.

But if I downgraded to 4.0 I got the same problem again, and it was irreversable for that project (even when i tried to upgrade to 4.5 again).

Strange no other error message but "The request was aborted: Could not create SSL/TLS secure channel." came up for this error

In case that the client is a windows machine, a possible reason could be that the tls or ssl protocol required by the service is not activated.

This can be set in:

Control Panel -> Network and Internet -> Internet Options -> Advanced

Scroll settings down to "Security" and choose between

  • Use SSL 2.0
  • Use SSL 3.0
  • Use TLS 1.0
  • Use TLS 1.1
  • Use TLS 1.2

enter image description here

I had this problem because my web.config had:

<httpRuntime targetFramework="4.5.2" />

and not:

<httpRuntime targetFramework="4.6.1" />

In my case, the service account running the application did not have permission to access the private key. Once I gave this permission, the error went away

  1. mmc
  2. certificates
  3. Expand to personal
  4. select cert
  5. right click
  6. All tasks
  7. Manage private keys
  8. Add

If you are running your code from Visual Studio, try running Visual Studio as administrator. Fixed the issue for me.

I was having this same issue and found this answer worked properly for me. The key is 3072. This link provides the details on the '3072' fix.

ServicePointManager.SecurityProtocol = (SecurityProtocolType)3072;

XmlReader r = XmlReader.Create(url);
SyndicationFeed albums = SyndicationFeed.Load(r);

In my case two feeds required the fix:

https://www.fbi.gov/feeds/fbi-in-the-news/atom.xml
https://www.wired.com/feed/category/gear/latest/rss

System.Net.WebException: The request was aborted: Could not create SSL/TLS secure channel.

In our case, we where using a software vendor so we didn't have access to modify the .NET code. Apparently .NET 4 won't use TLS v 1.2 unless there is a change.

The fix for us was adding the SchUseStrongCrypto key to the registry. You can copy/paste the below code into a text file with the .reg extension and execute it. It served as our "patch" to the problem.

Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00

[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Wow6432Node\Microsoft\.NETFramework\v4.0.30319]
"SchUseStrongCrypto"=dword:00000001

[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\.NETFramework\v4.0.30319]
"SchUseStrongCrypto"=dword:00000001

Try this:

ServicePointManager.SecurityProtocol = SecurityProtocolType.Tls12;

The top-voted answer will probably be enough for most people. However, in some circumstances, you could continue getting a "Could not create SSL/TLS secure channel" error even after forcing TLS 1.2. If so, you may want to consult this helpful article for additional troubleshooting steps. To summarize: independent of the TLS/SSL version issue, the client and server must agree on a "cipher suite." During the "handshake" phase of the SSL connection, the client will list its supported cipher-suites for the server to check against its own list. But on some Windows machines, certain common cipher-suites may have been disabled (seemingly due to well-intentioned attempts to limit attack surface), decreasing the possibility of the client & server agreeing on a cipher suite. If they cannot agree, then you may see "fatal alert code 40" in the event viewer and "Could not create SSL/TLS secure channel" in your .NET program.

The aforementioned article explains how to list all of a machine's potentially-supported cipher suites and enable additional cipher suites through the Windows Registry. To help check which cipher suites are enabled on the client, try visiting this diagnostic page in MSIE. (Using System.Net tracing may give more definitive results.) To check which cipher suites are supported by the server, try this online tool (assuming that the server is Internet-accessible). It should go without saying that Registry edits must be done with caution, especially where networking is involved. (Is your machine a remote-hosted VM? If you were to break networking, would the VM be accessible at all?)

In my company's case, we enabled several additional "ECDHE_ECDSA" suites via Registry edit, to fix an immediate problem and guard against future problems. But if you cannot (or will not) edit the Registry, then numerous workarounds (not necessarily pretty) come to mind. For example: your .NET program could delegate its SSL traffic to a separate Python program (which may itself work, for the same reason that Chrome requests may succeed where MSIE requests fail on an affected machine).

The issue for me was that I was trying to deploy on IIS as a web service, I installed the certificate on the server, but the user that runs IIS didn't have the correct permissions on the certificate.

How to give ASP.NET access to a private key in a certificate in the certificate store?

In my case I had this problem when a Windows service tried to connected to a web service. Looking in Windows events finally I found a error code.

Event ID 36888 (Schannel) is raised:

The following fatal alert was generated: 40. The internal error state is 808.

Finally it was related with a Windows Hotfix. In my case: KB3172605 and KB3177186

The proposed solution in vmware forum was add a registry entry in windows. After adding the following registry all works fine.

[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\SecurityProviders\SCHANNEL\KeyExchangeAlgorithms\Diffie-Hellman]

"ClientMinKeyBitLength"=dword:00000200

Apparently it's related with a missing value in the https handshake in the client side.

List your Windows HotFix:

wmic qfe list

Solution Thread:

https://communities.vmware.com/message/2604912#2604912

Hope it's helps.

None of the answers worked for me.

This is what worked:

Instead of initializing my X509Certifiacte2 like this:

   var certificate = new X509Certificate2(bytes, pass);

I did it like this:

   var certificate = new X509Certificate2(bytes, pass, X509KeyStorageFlags.MachineKeySet | X509KeyStorageFlags.PersistKeySet | X509KeyStorageFlags.Exportable);

Notice the X509KeyStorageFlags.Exportable !!

I didn't change the rest of the code (the WebRequest itself):

// I'm not even sure the first two lines are necessary:
ServicePointManager.Expect100Continue = true; 
ServicePointManager.SecurityProtocol = SecurityProtocolType.Tls12;

request = (HttpWebRequest)WebRequest.Create(string.Format("https://{0}.sii.cl/cvc_cgi/dte/of_solicita_folios", server));
request.Method = "GET";
request.Referer = string.Format("https://hercules.sii.cl/cgi_AUT2000/autInicio.cgi?referencia=https://{0}.sii.cl/cvc_cgi/dte/of_solicita_folios", servidor);
request.UserAgent = "Mozilla/4.0";
request.ClientCertificates.Add(certificate);
request.CookieContainer = new CookieContainer();

using (HttpWebResponse response = (HttpWebResponse)request.GetResponse())
{
    // etc...
}

In fact I'm not even sure that the first two lines are necessary...

This question can have many answers since it's about a generic error message. We ran into this issue on some of our servers, but not our development machines. After pulling out most of our hair, we found it was a Microsoft bug.

https://support.microsoft.com/en-us/help/4458166/applications-that-rely-on-tls-1-2-strong-encryption-experience-connect

Essentially, MS assumes you want weaker encryption, but the OS is patched to only allow TLS 1.2, so you receive the dreaded "The request was aborted: Could not create SSL/TLS secure channel."

There are three fixes.

1) Patch the OS with the proper update: http://www.catalog.update.microsoft.com/Search.aspx?q=kb4458166

2) Add a setting to your app.config/web.config file.

3) Add a registry setting that was already mentioned in another answer.

All of these are mentioned in the knowledge base article I posted.

You can try to install a demo certificate (some ssl providers offers them for free for a month) to be sure if the problem is related to cert validity or not.

As long as this is a relatively "live" link I thought I would add a new option. That possibility is that the service is no longer supporting SSL 3.0 due to the problem with the Poodle attack. Check out the Google statement on this. I encountered this problem with several web services at once and realized something had to be going on. I switched to TLS 1.2 and everything is working again.

http://googleonlinesecurity.blogspot.com/2014/10/this-poodle-bites-exploiting-ssl-30.html

This was happening for me on just one site, and it turns out that it only had the RC4 cipher available. In a prior effort to harden the server, I had disabled the RC4 cipher, once I re-enabled this the issue was solved.

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