I have a problem resetting hours in Java. For a given date I want to set the hours to 00:00:00.

This is my code :

     * Resets milliseconds, seconds, minutes and hours from the provided date
     * @param date
     * @return
    public static Date trim(Date date) {
        Calendar calendar = Calendar.getInstance();
        calendar.set(Calendar.MILLISECOND, 0);
        calendar.set(Calendar.SECOND, 0);
        calendar.set(Calendar.MINUTE, 0);
        calendar.set(Calendar.HOUR, 0);

        return calendar.getTime();

The problem is that sometimes the time is 12:00:00 and sometimes it is 00:00:00 and when I query the database for an entity that was saved on 07.02.2013 00:00:00 and the actual entity time, that is stored, is 12:00:00 the query fails.

I know that 12:00:00 == 00:00:00!

I am using AppEngine. Is this an appengine bug, problem or some other issue? Or does it depend on something else?

Was it helpful?


Use another constant instead of Calendar.HOUR, use Calendar.HOUR_OF_DAY.

calendar.set(Calendar.HOUR_OF_DAY, 0);

Calendar.HOUR uses 0-11 (for use with AM/PM), and Calendar.HOUR_OF_DAY uses 0-23.

To quote the Javadocs:

public static final int HOUR

Field number for get and set indicating the hour of the morning or afternoon. HOUR is used for the 12-hour clock (0 - 11). Noon and midnight are represented by 0, not by 12. E.g., at 10:04:15.250 PM the HOUR is 10.


public static final int HOUR_OF_DAY

Field number for get and set indicating the hour of the day. HOUR_OF_DAY is used for the 24-hour clock. E.g., at 10:04:15.250 PM the HOUR_OF_DAY is 22.

Testing ("now" is currently c. 14:55 on July 23, 2013 Pacific Daylight Time):

public class Main
   static SimpleDateFormat sdf = new SimpleDateFormat("yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss");

    public static void main(String[] args)
        Calendar now = Calendar.getInstance();
        now.set(Calendar.HOUR, 0);
        now.set(Calendar.MINUTE, 0);
        now.set(Calendar.SECOND, 0);
        now.set(Calendar.HOUR_OF_DAY, 0);


$ javac
$ java Main
2013-07-23 12:00:00
2013-07-23 00:00:00



Using the java.time framework built into Java 8 and later. See Tutorial.

import java.time.LocalTime;
import java.time.LocalDateTime;

LocalDateTime now =; # 2015-11-19T19:42:19.224
# start of a day
now.with(LocalTime.MIN); # 2015-11-19T00:00
now.with(LocalTime.MIDNIGHT); # 2015-11-19T00:00

If you do not need time-of-day (hour, minute, second etc. parts) consider using LocalDate class.; # 2015-11-19

Here are couple of utility functions I use to do just this.

 * sets all the time related fields to ZERO!
 * @param date
 * @return Date with hours, minutes, seconds and ms set to ZERO!
public static Date zeroTime( final Date date )
    return DateTimeUtil.setTime( date, 0, 0, 0, 0 );

 * Set the time of the given Date
 * @param date
 * @param hourOfDay
 * @param minute
 * @param second
 * @param ms
 * @return new instance of java.util.Date with the time set
public static Date setTime( final Date date, final int hourOfDay, final int minute, final int second, final int ms )
    final GregorianCalendar gc = new GregorianCalendar();
    gc.setTime( date );
    gc.set( Calendar.HOUR_OF_DAY, hourOfDay );
    gc.set( Calendar.MINUTE, minute );
    gc.set( Calendar.SECOND, second );
    gc.set( Calendar.MILLISECOND, ms );
    return gc.getTime();

One more JAVA 8 way:

LocalDateTime localDateTime =;

But it's a lot more useful to edit the date that already exists.

See the below code:

    String datePattern24Hrs = "yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss";
    String datePattern12Hrs = "yyyy-MM-dd hh:mm:ss";

    SimpleDateFormat simpleDateFormat24Hrs = new SimpleDateFormat(datePattern24Hrs);
    SimpleDateFormat simpleDateFormat12Hrs = new SimpleDateFormat(datePattern12Hrs);

    Date dateNow = new Date();
    Calendar calendar = Calendar.getInstance();
    calendar.set(Calendar.HOUR_OF_DAY, 0);
    calendar.set(Calendar.MINUTE, 0);
    calendar.set(Calendar.SECOND, 0);
    calendar.set(Calendar.MILLISECOND, 0);
    Date dateTime = calendar.getTime();

    String dateTimeIn24Hrs = simpleDateFormat24Hrs.format(dateTime);
    String dateTimeIn12Hrs = simpleDateFormat12Hrs.format(dateTime);

    System.out.println("DateTime in 24Hrs: ".concat(dateTimeIn24Hrs));
    System.out.println("DateTime in 12Hrs: ".concat(dateTimeIn12Hrs));

The expected output is as below:

  • DateTime in 24Hrs: 2021-06-29 00:00:00
  • DateTime in 12Hrs: 2021-06-29 12:00:00

I hope it helps with the answer you are looking for.

You would better to primarily set time zone to the DateFormat component like this:

DateFormat dateFormat = new SimpleDateFormat("HH:mm:ss");

Then you can get "00:00:00" time by passing 0 milliseconds to formatter:

String time = dateFormat.format(0);

or you can create Date object:

Date date = new Date(0); // also pass milliseconds
String time = dateFormat.foramt(date);

or you be able to have more possibilities using Calendar component but you should also set timezone as GMT to calendar instance:

Calendar calendar = Calendar.getInstance(TimeZone.getTimeZone("GMT"), Locale.US);
calendar.set(Calendar.HOUR_OF_DAY, 5);
calendar.set(Calendar.MINUTE, 37);
calendar.set(Calendar.SECOND, 27);



myJavaUtilDate                                 // The terrible `java.util.Date` class is now legacy. Use *java.time* instead.
.toInstant()                                   // Convert this moment in UTC from the legacy class `Date` to the modern class `Instant`.
.atZone( ZoneId.of( "Africa/Tunis" ) )         // Adjust from UTC to the wall-clock time used by the people of a particular region (a time zone).
.toLocalDate()                                 // Extract the date-only portion.
.atStartOfDay( ZoneId.of( "Africa/Tunis" ) )   // Determine the first moment of that date in that zone. The day does *not* always start at 00:00:00.


You are using terrible old date-time classes that were supplanted years ago by the modern java.time classes defined in JSR 310.


A java.util.Date represent a moment in UTC. Its replacement is Instant. Call the new conversion methods added to the old classes.

Instant instant = myJavaUtilDate.toInstant() ;

Time zone

Specify the time zone in which you want your new time-of-day to make sense.

Specify a proper time zone name in the format of Continent/Region, such as America/Montreal, Africa/Casablanca, or Pacific/Auckland. Never use the 2-4 letter abbreviation such as EST or IST as they are not true time zones, not standardized, and not even unique(!).

ZoneId z = ZoneId.of( "America/Montreal" ) ;


Apply the ZoneId to the Instant to get a ZonedDateTime. Same moment, same point on the timeline, but different wall-clock time.

ZonedDateTime zdt = instant.atZone( z ) ;

Changing time-of-day

You asked to change the time-of-day. Apply a LocalTime to change all the time-of-day parts: hour, minute, second, fractional second. A new ZonedDateTime is instantiated, with values based on the original. The java.time classes use this immutable objects pattern to provide thread-safety.

LocalTime lt = LocalTime.of( 15 , 30 ) ;  // 3:30 PM.
ZonedDateTime zdtAtThreeThirty = zdt.with( lt ) ; 

First moment of day

But you asked specifically for 00:00. So apparently you want the first moment of the day. Beware: some days in some zones do not start at 00:00:00. They may start at another time such as 01:00:00 because of anomalies such as Daylight Saving Time (DST).

Let java.time determine the first moment. Extract the date-only portion. Then pass the time zone to get first moment.

LocalDate ld = zdt.toLocalDate() ;
ZonedDateTime zdtFirstMomentOfDay = ld.atStartOfDay( z ) ;

Adjust to UTC

If you need to go back to UTC, extract an Instant.

Instant instant = zdtFirstMomentOfDay.toInstant() ;


If you need a java.util.Date to interoperate with old code not yet updated to java.time, convert.

java.util.Date d = java.util.Date.from( instant ) ;

As Java8 add new Date functions, we can do this easily.

    // If you have instant, then:
    Instant instant1 =;
    Instant day1 = instant1.truncatedTo(ChronoUnit.DAYS);
    System.out.println(day1); //2019-01-14T00:00:00Z

    // If you have Date, then:
    Date date = new Date();
    Instant instant2 = date.toInstant();
    Instant day2 = instant2.truncatedTo(ChronoUnit.DAYS);
    System.out.println(day2); //2019-01-14T00:00:00Z

    // If you have LocalDateTime, then:
    LocalDateTime dateTime =;
    LocalDateTime day3 = dateTime.truncatedTo(ChronoUnit.DAYS);
    System.out.println(day3); //2019-01-14T00:00
    String format = day3.format(DateTimeFormatter.ISO_LOCAL_DATE_TIME);

Doing this could be easier (In Java 8)


Another simple way,

final Calendar today = Calendar.getInstance();
        today.setTime(new Date());

Another way to do this would be to use a DateFormat without any seconds:

public static Date trim(Date date) {
    DateFormat format = new SimpleDateFormat("dd.MM.yyyy");
    Date trimmed = null;
    try {
        trimmed = format.parse(format.format(date));
    } catch (ParseException e) {} // will never happen
    return trimmed;

You can either do this with the following:

Calendar cal = Calendar.getInstance();
cal.set(year, month, dayOfMonth, 0, 0, 0);
Date date = cal.getTime();

If you need format 00:00:00 in string, you should use SimpleDateFormat as below. Using "H "instead "h".

Date today = new Date();
SimpleDateFormat ft = new SimpleDateFormat("dd-MM-yyyy HH:mm:ss"); 
//not SimpleDateFormat("dd-MM-yyyy hh:mm:ss")
Calendar calendarDM = Calendar.getInstance();
calendarDM.set(Calendar.HOUR, 0);
calendarDM.set(Calendar.MINUTE, 0);
calendarDM.set(Calendar.SECOND, 0);
System.out.println("Current Date: " + ft.format(calendarDM.getTime()));

//Result is: Current Date: 29-10-2018 00:00:00

Before Java 8:

Calendar calendar = Calendar.getInstance();
calendar.setTime(new Date());
calendar.set(Calendar.HOUR, 0);
calendar.set(Calendar.MINUTE, 0);
calendar.set(Calendar.SECOND, 0);

After Java 8:, 0, 0))

We can set java.util.Date time part to 00:00:00 By using LocalDate class of Java 8/Joda-datetime api:

Date datewithTime = new Date() ; // ex: Sat Apr 21 01:30:44 IST 2018
LocalDate localDate = LocalDate.fromDateFields(datewithTime);
Date datewithoutTime = localDate.toDate(); // Sat Apr 21 00:00:00 IST 2018
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