I work in a VB.Net environment and have recently been tasked with creating an MVC environment to use as a base to work from. I decided to convert the latest SharpArchitecture release (Q3 2009) into VB, which on the whole has gone fine after a bit of hair pulling. I came across a problem with Castle Windsor where my custom repository interface (lives in the core/domain project) that was reference in the constructor of my test controller was not getting injected with the concrete implementation (from the data project). I hit a brick wall with this so basically decided to switch out Castle Windsor for StructureMap.

I think I have implemented this ok as everything compiles and runs and my controller ran ok when referencing a custom repository interface. It appears now that I have/or cannot now setup my generic interfaces up properly (I hope this makes sense so far as I am new to all this). When I use IRepository(Of T) (wanting it to be injected with a concrete implementation of Repository(Of Type)) in the controller constructor I am getting the following runtime error:

"StructureMap Exception Code: 202 No Default Instance defined for PluginFamily SharpArch.Core.PersistenceSupport.IRepository`1[[DebtRemedy.Core.Page, DebtRemedy.Core, Version=, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=null]], SharpArch.Core, Version=, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=b5f559ae0ac4e006"

Here are my code excerpts that I am using (my project is called DebtRemedy).

My structuremap registry class

Public Class DefaultRegistry
    Inherits Registry

    Public Sub New()
        ''//Generic Repositories
        ''//Custom Repositories
        ''//Application Services
    End Sub

    Private Sub AddGenericRepositories()
        ''//ForRequestedType(GetType(IRepository(Of ))).TheDefaultIsConcreteType(GetType(Repository(Of )))
        [For](GetType(IRepository(Of ))).Use(GetType(Repository(Of )))
        [For](GetType(INHibernateRepository(Of ))).Use(GetType(NHibernateRepository(Of )))
        [For](GetType(IRepositoryWithTypedId(Of ,))).Use(GetType(RepositoryWithTypedId(Of ,)))
        [For](GetType(INHibernateRepositoryWithTypedId(Of ,))).Use(GetType(NHibernateRepositoryWithTypedId(Of ,)))
    End Sub

    Private Sub AddCustomRepositories()
        Scan(AddressOf SetupCustomRepositories)
    End Sub

    Private Shared Sub SetupCustomRepositories(ByVal y As IAssemblyScanner)
    End Sub

    Private Sub AddApplicationServices()
        Scan(AddressOf SetupApplicationServices)
    End Sub

    Private Shared Sub SetupApplicationServices(ByVal y As IAssemblyScanner)
        y.With(New FirstInterfaceConvention)
    End Sub

End Class

Public Class FirstInterfaceConvention
    Implements ITypeScanner

    Public Sub Process(ByVal type As Type, ByVal graph As PluginGraph) Implements ITypeScanner.Process
        If Not IsConcrete(type) Then
            Exit Sub
        End If
        ''//only works on concrete types
        Dim firstinterface = type.GetInterfaces().FirstOrDefault()
        ''//grabs first interface
        If firstinterface IsNot Nothing Then
            graph.AddType(firstinterface, type)
            ''//registers type
            ''//adds concrete types with no interfaces
        End If
    End Sub
End Class

I have tried both ForRequestedType (which I think is now deprecated) and For. IRepository(Of T) lives in SharpArch.Core.PersistenceSupport. Repository(Of T) lives in SharpArch.Data.NHibernate.

My servicelocator class

    Public Class StructureMapServiceLocator
    Inherits ServiceLocatorImplBase
    Private container As IContainer

    Public Sub New(ByVal container As IContainer)
        Me.container = container
    End Sub

    Protected Overloads Overrides Function DoGetInstance(ByVal serviceType As Type, ByVal key As String) As Object
        Return If(String.IsNullOrEmpty(key), container.GetInstance(serviceType), container.GetInstance(serviceType, key))
    End Function

    Protected Overloads Overrides Function DoGetAllInstances(ByVal serviceType As Type) As IEnumerable(Of Object)
        Dim objList As New List(Of Object)
        For Each obj As Object In container.GetAllInstances(serviceType)
        Return objList
    End Function
End Class

My controllerfactory class

    Public Class ServiceLocatorControllerFactory
    Inherits DefaultControllerFactory

    Protected Overloads Overrides Function GetControllerInstance(ByVal requestContext As RequestContext, ByVal controllerType As Type) As IController
        If controllerType Is Nothing Then
            Return Nothing
        End If

            Return TryCast(ObjectFactory.GetInstance(controllerType), Controller)
        Catch generatedExceptionName As StructureMapException
        End Try
    End Function

End Class

The initialise stuff in my global.asax

Dim container As IContainer = New Container(New DefaultRegistry)
ControllerBuilder.Current.SetControllerFactory(New ServiceLocatorControllerFactory())

ServiceLocator.SetLocatorProvider(Function() New StructureMapServiceLocator(container))

My test controller

Public Class DataCaptureController
Inherits BaseController

Private ReadOnly clientRepository As IClientRepository()
Private ReadOnly pageRepository As IRepository(Of Page)

Public Sub New(ByVal clientRepository As IClientRepository(), ByVal pageRepository As IRepository(Of Page))
    Check.Require(clientRepository IsNot Nothing, "clientRepository may not be null")
    Check.Require(pageRepository IsNot Nothing, "pageRepository may not be null")
    Me.clientRepository = clientRepository
    Me.pageRepository = pageRepository
End Sub

Function Index() As ActionResult
    Return View()
End Function

The above works fine when I take out everything to do with the pageRepository which is IRepository(Of T).

Any help with this would be greatly appreciated.

No correct solution


I had a similar issue yesterday with instantiating IRepository(Of MyEntity).

I had to state y.ConnectImplementationsToTypesClosing(GetType(IRepository(Of ))) in my Scan delegate to make StructureMap map generic types to their implementation.

Like this:

Private Shared Sub SetupCustomRepositories(ByVal y As IAssemblyScanner)
    y.ConnectImplementationsToTypesClosing(GetType(Of ));
End Sub

Make sure you are only creating one container.

I also converted a C# project from Castle Windsor to StructureMap. The original CW-based project instantiated a Container in Application_Start() (MVC2 project) and passed it around for configuration. I kept the same approach without thinking, kinda when you translate from Spanish to English litterally, and it's just as bad. :)

What happened is that I ended up creating a second SM container. StructureMap's container is static, and so there's always one "in the background". If you new up a container, you actually create a second, independent container. if you aren't careful, you end up sometimes using one, sometimes the other, and get a plague of " No Default Instance" errors at various points when you know it's defined..

The way I came across it is that I ended up littering my code with WhatDoIHave() calls, which was fortunate because I noted that sometimes I saw a configured container (the second) and sometimes I saw the static one (the first), which had not been configured. Different GUID names was the giveaway.

Check if the same is happening in your VB code.

Not that familiar with this, but it looks like it may not be registered with the container or because the resolver is greedy it might choose a constructor that does not have registered items. The following URL looks very similar to the same problem take a look...

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